By Ben J.N. Harrison
René Descartes’ 1637 Discourse on Method begins with the assertion that ‘good sense is the most evenly shared thing in the world’. He goes on to say that the reason for human disagreement is not because some have better reason than others, but simply because each conducts their thoughts along different paths. The question that thus arises is on which path should one conduct their thoughts? Descartes elaborated, stating that mere possession of a good mind is not enough, and that each must find the right method to use their mind, in order to eventually reach truth. Here, Descartes’ method emerges. In the following paper, it will be explained what precisely the Cartesian method entails in a lucid and unequivocal manner.
Descartes’ method consists of but four rules. The first is perhaps what Descartes is most famous for; doubt. Cartesian doubt is what produced the famous saying Cogito ergo sum – translating into ‘I think therefore I am’ – a metaphysical principle Descartes wrote intended to serve as an affirmation of one’s existence. But beyond this one clever, albeit overused and constantly misunderstood principle, what exactly does Cartesian doubt entail? Well simply put, Cartesian doubt, and the first rule of the Cartesian method, is not accepting anything as true unless it is indubitably true. Truth in this case, must be unequivocal; no doubt can linger about the object in question. In other words, everything perceived distinctly and clearly is true. Clearness, in this case, means not just a feeling of an object’s truth, but an ability to give some sort of account of an object’s truth. Moreover, distinctness in this case, means the ability to distinguish the object from other ideas or concepts analogous to the object. Descartes muses in later chapters of the Discourse on how human senses can deceive, and that we must be absolutely certain of everything we believe to be true. Descartes himself was profoundly fascinated by the ability mathematics had to be so certain.
Rule two of the Cartesian method is best summed up by one word; analysis. Descartes believed that to truly work problems through, we must divide each problem into parts and work on each individual part independently. Before moving on to the next part of a problem, we must have a clear and sure understanding of that which came before.
The third rule of Descartes’ method is conducting thoughts in the simplest possible way. By this, Descartes meant that when confronted with problems, we must solve them in somewhat of an order, starting with the simplest parts first, before climbing up and eventually understanding the complex whole.
Finally in the Cartesian method is the recording of everything. When working through problems, Descartes thought it was imperative to keep track of everything done by documentation of some sort. To Descartes, this mattered immensely because if one wanted to go back and figure out what happened when, one can readily do so. Moreover, this is important in the case that one makes an error or folly, so that one can go back and locate it to solve it.
The synthesis of these four parts is essentially Descartes’ method. It is perhaps the most important thing to understand about Descartes, as he used this method to conduct his thoughts in all his works. I hope I have made it as unequivocal as possible. Often when one reads philosophy, one can stumble across nebulosity and equivocation. My goal here, then, was to eliminate any confusion whatever about the Cartesian method.
Descartes, René. Translated by Sutcliffe, F.E. Discourse on Method and the Meditations. England, Penguin Books, 1984.
South Delta runs a musical show every year. Last year they did High school musical and this year it's Oklahoma. The story is set in 1902 in Oklahoma; a state in the works. X blocks Musical theatre Company, Pit Band, and Theatre Production have been working hard to put the pieces together and create an amazing piece of artistry. It's a good chance to come together as a school and to support each other. Hope a lot of people come watch the show and enjoy it!
By Siha Pyo
On Friday, November 25, 92 students from SDSS went to The Metro Theatre in Vancouver to see the musical "Elf". The musical was produced by Delta Youth Theatre. Ms Neff, is the musical director. Ms. Neff is also a teacher at SDSS.
Submitted by Hope Carriere
Halloween is just around the corner. it's a time when you get to become someone you are not. Halloween is only once a year, so why not make it the best it can be, starting with the best costume.
Have you ever seen movies like the lord of the rings, walking dead or harry potter? have you ever wondered how they made golem look so scrawny or how they made people look like they have their bones sticking out or something like that? well now is your chance to learn special effects makeup.
what you will need:
Pros Aide or spirit gum
Adhesive Remover99% Isopropyl Alcohol 6oz
Paint Palette (face paint)
Bald Cap (maybe)
you may need:
foundation that meets your skin tone
any kind of makeup
oil/ acrilic paint
expressionless mask/ face cast /body cast
the list goes on, be creative the possibilities are endless
In September, Delta School District made an exciting new addition to their many academies: Opera!
You're probably thinking 'Opera? You mean a fat lady wearing a viking hat standing on stage while high-pitched yelling? No thank you!' But modern day opera is much different.
Opera is a way to tell stories through music. Opera combines two beloved elements of society with talented musicians, actors and artists to make an unforgettable experience.
The Opera Academy is a way to learn about and be a part of the performing arts world. Weather your passion is singing, makeup or directing, there's a place for you in the world of Opera. Through the academy, us students have had the opportunity to speak and work with several professionals from various fields, get to see a live opera, and write and perform our own musical!
We are currently creating a script and adapting songs to make our own musical, titled 'Exam Time: The Popera Musical'. We are re-writing the lyrics to opera, pop and musical theatre songs to work with our original story about ordinary high school students. It's been really exciting writing our own story and dialogue as well as learning and choreographing ten different songs.
The performance will be December 7th at the genesis theatre, and tickets are free!
For more information on opera and the academy go to https://deltaoperaacademy.com/
Actors and crew are currently hard at work on this year's play, Legally Blonde: The Musical. While actors learn the dances with the help of Mrs. Neff, crew are planning out the stage, building props and painting. Tickets for students and staff will go on sale beginning Friday, April 10th. Shows run Friday, May 1st to Friday, May 8th, with matinees the first three days, excluding the weekend.
After auditions taking place the second week of January, actors and crew members alike have already started working on this year's musical, Legally Blonde. Maude Greene took the well-deserved role of Elle Woods, the lead in the play. Co-starring with her is Hunter Lang as Warner Huntington the Third and Will Shelling as Emmett Forrest. Definitely my favourite character, Paulette Bonafonte, went to Emma White with her hilarious accent. After reading through the script read last week, actors are currently going through blocking; learning where to stand and move on stage. Crew is working hard as well with Richard Cox once again directing the play while Grade 12 Tristan West is stage manager. This year's play will certainly be one to remember!
Yesterday, I went to see the play, and I was pleasantly surprised. While it did not fully follow the classic tale, its twist was hilarious and enjoyable. The play started out with Alice (Hannah Everett) and the rabbit (Tim MacDonald-Bain) meeting and taking a trip through the rabbit hole. The rabbit disappears and Alice finds herself in a room with a table and a door that she cannot fit into. After complications with the door, she finds herself swimming in her own tears of frustration. She encounters a mouse (Katelyn Kraynyk), a dodo (Rachel Ruecker), a lory (Delaney Griffiths), an eagle (Syrah Khan), a crab (Thea Wessler) and a duck (Shelby Satterthwaite). Unfortunately, she frightens them with tales of her cat back home. Alice briefly meets the rabbit again, and then runs into a sassy caterpillar (Courtenay Lord). The caterpillar falls asleep, and their conversation is interrupted by a frog footman (Kate Assenheimer), who knocks on the Duchess’s door. She is greeted by a fish footman (Alexa Griffiths). Alice tries to enter, but the fish footman will not permit her. Alice goes in anyways, and runs into the Duchess (Alysen Bourhill), a very angry cook (Emma White) and a Cheshire cat (Rachel Garrett). She soon departs, only to run into the Cheshire cat again, who helps her find the Mad Hatter’s tea party. After, she has adventures with the Mad Hatter (Ingrid Bakke), the March Hare (Mackenzie Dobb) and a dormouse (Taylor Sherwin). Then three playing cards (Elissa Morgan, Kate Yahn, Jenna Thompson), trying to paint white roses red for the Queen of Hearts, a croquet game with the Queen of Hearts (Libby Dane) and the Duchess, a story with a gryphon (Michelle Doucet) and the mock turtle (Will Shelling). Then, the Knave of Hearts (Hailea Caldwell) is on trial and the King of Hearts (Cameron Thomson), the Mad Hatter and the March Hare are not help to the case. After Alice tries to save the Knave of Hearts, the Queen wants her beheaded, so she runs off and finds herself on a chessboard. She has a brief conversation with the Red Queen (Sophie Merritt), and then ends up meeting Tweedledum (Trevor Bee) and Tweedledee (Liam McKinnon). Following this, she meets the White Queen (Sasha Ballon) and then Humpty Dumpty (Stephen Miller). The White Knight (Sam Hughes) appears, alongside his horse (Trevor Bee, Liam McKinnon) for a scene where I could literally not stop laughing. Back at the chessboard, Alice finds a crown, and then becomes queen, and holds a celebration with all the people and animals that she just met. However, she drifts away and wakes up underneath a tree, realizing she had fallen asleep. Just like every year, the play was very well done. Great job SDSS!